There are a number of things you can do to make your run safer, especially if you are running alone. Use your common sense and plan ahead based on your location and the conditions outside. Run through this safety checklist in advance of your next solo outing.
Carry identification. Make up a small card listing your name, address, a friend or relative's phone number, your blood type, and any other relevant personal medical information. Keep the card on the inside sole of your running shoe or tied to your lace.
Bring a fully-charged cell phone or smartphone. Alternatively, carry a calling card or coins for an emergency telephone call.
Run in areas that are familiar to you. Know the location of telephones, businesses and stores on your routes.
Make sure your friends or relatives know your favorite running routes. If possible, print out a map or inform someone which route you've chosen before you leave.
Avoid unpopulated areas, deserted streets and overgrown trails. Especially avoid unlit areas at night. Run clear of parked cars and bushes. Stay alert and use your hearing to be aware of your surroundings.
Ignore verbal harassment.Use discretion in acknowledging strangers. Look directly at others and be observant. Keep your distance and keep moving.
Run against traffic so you can easily see approaching vehicles.
Be visible. Wear reflective clothing or a headlamp in low light conditions.
Don't wear jewelry
Use your intuition about suspicious persons and areas. Call the police immediately if something happens to you or you witness anything out of the ordinary.
Carry a whistle or noisemaker. Some runners carry pepper spray in case of an unexpected animal encounter.